English Grammar Online … the fun way to learn English!

auf DeutschDictionaryPaperback (in German)

Cram Up
Grammar
Writing
Vocabulary
Tests
Study Tips
Daily English
Pronunciation
Read On
Countries
Animals/Sports
Literature
Newsticker
Business
Communication
Grammar
Business-Info
Chill Out
Games & Riddles
E-Cards
Chat with Egon
Take On
Newsletter
Calendar 2014
Teach In
Cultural Studies
Lessons
Lingolia English Grammar

Present Perfect Simple Level: elementaryLevel 1

The present perfect simple expresses an action that is still going on or that stopped recently, but has an influence on the present. It puts emphasis on the result.

Form of Present Perfect

 PositiveNegativeQuestion
I / you / we / they I have spoken. I have not spoken. Have I spoken?
he / she / it He has spoken. He has not spoken. Has he spoken?

For irregular verbs, use the participle form (see list of irregular verbs, 3rd column). For regular verbs, just add ed.

Exceptions in Spelling when Adding ed

Exceptions in spelling when adding edExample
after a final e only add d love – loved
final consonant after a short, stressed vowel
or l as final consonant after a vowel is doubled
admit – admitted
travel – travelled
final y after a consonant becomes i hurry – hurried

Use of Present Perfect

Signal Words of Present Perfect

Exercises on Present Perfect

Tests on Present Perfect

Grammar in Texts

Comparison with other Tenses

Changed: 05th Mar 2014 15:13

URL: http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/present-perfect-simple