English Grammar Online … the fun way to learn English!

auf DeutschDictionaryPaperback (in German)

Cram Up
Grammar
Writing
Vocabulary
Tests
Study Tips
Daily English
Pronunciation
Read On
Countries
Animals/Sports
Literature
Newsticker
Business
Communication
Grammar
Business-Info
Chill Out
Games & Riddles
E-Cards
Chat with Egon
Take On
Newsletter
Calendar 2014
Teach In
Cultural Studies
Lessons

Short Answers

Saying Yes, I do. / No, I dont in English is more polite than just saying Yes. / No. Thats why short answers are very commonly used.

To form the short answer, you use the first word from the question. (This is either an auxiliary verb or a form of be.)

Use the long form (he does) in affirmative answers (yes).

Use the short form (he doesnt) in negative answers (no).

QuestionAffirmativeNegative
Do we know him? Yes, we do. No, we dont.
Can she see me?Yes, she can.No, she cant.
Have they read the book?Yes, they have.No, they havent.
Is he hungry?Yes, he is.No, he isnt.

Mind: If you is the subject of the question, you must be replaced by I or we.

QuestionAffirmativeNegative
Do you know him? Yes, I / we do. No, I / we dont.

If the question starts with are you, are must sometimes be replaced by am.

QuestionAffirmativeNegative
Are you hungry? Yes, I am. No, Im not.
But: → Yes, we are. No, we arent.

Exercises on Short Answers

Changed: 25th Oct 2014 19:28

URL: http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/short-answers