Present Progressive - Summary
||I am playing.
||I am not playing.
||Am I playing?
|he, she, it
||He is playing.
||He is not playing.
||Is he playing?
|you, we, they
||You are playing.
||You are not playing.
||Are you playing?
Exceptions in Spelling
|silent e is dropped before ing (but: ee is not changed)
||come - coming (but: agree - agreeing)
|final consonant after short, stressed vowel is doubled
||sit - sitting
|final consonant l after vowel is always doubled (in British English)
||travel - travelling
|ie becomes y before ing
||lie - lying
|I am playing. - I'm playing.
||I am not playing. - I'm not playing.
|He is playing. - He's playing.
||He is not playing. - He's not playing. / He isn't playing.
|We are playing. - We're playing.
||We are not playing. - We're not playing. /We aren't playing.
|actions taking place at the moment of speaking (now)
||He is playing football.
|arrangements for the near future
||I'm going to the theatre tonight.
|actions taking place only for a limited period of time
||Jim is helping in his brother's firm this week.
|actions taking place around now (but not at the moment of speaking)
||I'm studying for my exams.
|development, changing situations
||The population of China is rising very fast.
Typical Signal Words
- at the moment
- now / just now / right now