- facts (something is generally known to be true) Level: elementary
The sun sets in the west.
The sun never sets in the east or south or north, but always in the west.
- action in the present taking place once, never or several times Level: elementary
Colin always plays soccer on Tuesdays.
Colin plays football regularly - every Tuesday.
In English, signal words are often used, e.g.: always, never, seldom, often, regularly, every Monday.
- actions in the present taking place one after another Level: lower intermediate
She takes her bag and leaves.
First one action takes place and then the other.
- action set by a time table or schedule Level: lower intermediate
The train leaves at 9 pm.
Although the action takes place in the future, it takes place regularly and is set by a time table.
- verbs expressing states, possession, senses, emotions and mental activityLevel: intermediate
I love her. Ich liebe sie.
When you love someone, that's a state, a fact or emotion, but not an action (like running for example). Whenever you want to express a state, possession, sense or emotions, use the simple form (not the progressive). The following words all belong to this group:
- be (state)
- believe (mental activity)
- belong (possession)
- hate (feeling and emotion)
- hear (senses)
- like (feeling and emotion)
- love (feeling and emotion)
- mean (mental activity)
- prefer (mental activity)
- remain (state)
- realize (mental activity)
- see (senses)
- seem (feeling and emotion)
- smell (senses)
- think (mental activity)
- understand (mental activity)
- want (feeling and emotion)
- wish (feeling and emotion)